History of football shirt
Football shirts varied greatly throughout the history of football. It is today, it has the practicality and balance, and to a football player, dressed in something bulky and inconvenient, difficult for us. To shirt has acquired a modern look, our ancestors had to seriously sweat.
In the seventies of the 19th century, the standard classic football shirt was called "plus 4", since consisted of four main elements: the pants tucked into high, knee-length socks; shirts and hats. Football sometimes even clothed cylinders.
In Victorian times in England's players had to wear heavy work boots or army, which was very difficult and traumatic.
While professional football is just beginning to gain momentum, and athletes dressed "who in that much." Here's how to describe the shape of the team, "British Lady" "Lady, representing the" North ", dressed in a red blouse in white peas free black breeches, black stockings, red beret, brown leather boots and pants." And the owner of the horse race, Lord Rosebery persuaded the Scots to oppose the British in the football kit of a yellow-pink color (as it jockeys played).
Social changes arising in society contributed to the accelerated growth of the development of football. In the first decade of the 20th century, the team has had to have a single shirt. Victorian sets of uniforms have been replaced by sweaters and long shorts. Gum had not yet invented, and shorts were held on the belts. So in 1921, Jim Bowie played in the final of the Scottish Cup, when he was suddenly torn shorts. While he changed them, the player whom he looked after, scored the only goal of the match.
Match jersey gradually became a cult attribute. So goalkeeper Dick Rose was a very superstitious person and his 23 match for Wales playing in the shirt, which is not erased from his first international match in 1899 ..
Also raises the question of censorship. So in 1904, the FA, concerned that football shorts became shorter, has introduced a rule: "football shorts should cover knees players." However, what should have been done a judge, if they do not cover the knees - was unclear.
After Second World War period...
Most global changes in soccer uniform took place after the Second World War, in continental Europe, especially in Italy and Hungary. Long shorts were lack of (heaviness, discomfort) had to improve them.
In 1939, it begins to appear the first numbers on the shirts. One interesting fact ... in 1960, the Scottish "Celtic" was the first and only club, whose players were numbered shorts and no shirt.
Other large-scale change in the form of football was when they were invented synthetic fibers such as nylon and acrylic. Clothing has become very easy, virtually waterproof, both inside and outside. Due to spikes shoes got better "cling" for the lawn.
Today, due to the commercialization of football is constantly changing shape and form. New technologies are taking their toll. The
«Nike» company was able to ensure that the form now weighs 150-200 grams, the fabric does not absorb moisture, and therefore, during the game does not increase the weight of t-shirts. Modern boots also feature low weight and increased convenience. In each pair of professionals "sharpened" under certain weather footwear, boots have a different number of spikes. The players create a unique shoes considering anthropometry feet, ankles, and other factors.
Football equipment has become more and protect the players. Today, each under the pro socks on the shins are shields that protect from injury. There were socks and the gloves.
We are all accustomed to advertisements on players' shirts. Sometimes players protest or sympathy and placed on his shoulder different dressings. Sometimes sponsorship contracts reach the point of absurdity. So the players of Atletico Madrid on every match had to go in a different clothes, as advertised new movies, which at that time were in the theaters. It was even said that they were trying to manufacture them cheaply and used tissue from the mattress to the local plant. Some still following the story called "Atletico" mattress. Although I am more inclined that this nickname because of the red-striped color form "Atletico".
In the history of football and it has a kind of mods. Some of the basic t-shirt worn under a shirt with different slogans, jokes, advertising. Famous Russian footballer Yegor Titov was very fond of wearing a T-shirt "Who are we? Meat".
World Cup 2002...
A Cameroon national team even banned from playing in the 2002 World Cup in Korea and Japan in their amazing shirts. The official representative of the FIFA headquarters Keith Cooper said that "the upper part of the form in a sleeveless" can not be approved as a form of the national team."
This is no ordinary sport shirt and vest" - he said. Thus, the Cameroonians could not become legislators football fashion. Such clothing choice was not accidental, it is ideal for a hot tropical climate in Africa. Also, Africans were attempts to combine shorts and a T-shirt in a single suit.
Until recently, judges have been invisible form. But the arbitrators from the Italian "Serie A", led by Pierluigi Colina began to wear a uniform light green (!) Colors and not see them was very difficult.
As you can see, before modern equipment has reached us in the usual form, it had to go through "thick and thin" stand censorship, be comfortable, beautiful and unique. Today, young fans choose for whom they often get sick because of the shape of the team.